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illnesses abolished variety slaves government explorer descent producer revolt situation swap ancestors Creole settle lessened crown claimed smallpox British estate majority inhabitants beginning labour
The original of Jamaica were the Arawak or Taino people who came from South America to on the island between 1000 and 400 BC. The Christopher Columbus came to the island in 1494 and it for the Spanish . He used the island as a private for his family. The Arawak or Taino people almost died out after the Europeans came to the island, mainly from such as which the Europeans brought with them. In 1655, Jamaica fell under the control of the . The island became the world’s leading and exporter of sugar. It achieved this position by using brought over from Africa by the British.
By the of the 1800s, the wide use of slave meant that for every European on the island, there were 20 African slaves. There was a constant threat of slave and after several rebellions, slavery was in 1834. Jamaica was still under British control, but this gradually over the years, and in 1962 Jamaica became an independent country.
The of Jamaicans, at least 90% of the population, are of West African . Their were transported from Africa to work as slaves in Jamaica. The language of and of education is English, but in everyday life a local called Jamaican is often spoken. Most Jamaicans can easily from Creole to Standard English and back, depending on the .